The D.H. 60 Moth has been described as one of the "most popular, successful and historically important types designed by de Haviland". The Moth appeared in many variants and it is sometimes difficult to identify which variant the writers are discussing. The prototype, first flown in February 1925, was powered by a 60 H.P.Cirrus 1 engine which was, in fact, half of a 120 H.P. Airdisco engine on a new crankcase and weighing only 290 lbs. The success of this model led to further developments. In 1926 the engine was upgraded to an 85 H.P. Cirrus 11 and shortly after the wingspan was increased by one foot. This model became known as the D.H.60X or the Cirrus II Moth. Within a short time the Moth had broken records and the orders flowed in from the R.A.F, Canada, Finland, Argentina, Sweden Germany, U.S.A., Italy, New Zealand, Singapore, Spain, South Africa and India. In 1928 a new variant was introduced with more power - a Cirrus III, 90 H.P. - and a split axle landing gear. The weight of the plane had increased and more power was indicated which led de Haviland to develop the 100 H.P. Gipsy engine. The newly equipped Moth was designated the D.H.60G but quickly became known world wide as the Gipsy Moth. In 1928 the redoubtable Gipsy had broken records for altitude, endurance, speed and maintenance free operation. It became the favourite of long distance fliers, both men and women. ...

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